What is Computer Programming

Computer programming, also known as coding or software development, is the process of creating software applications or computer programs by writing instructions that are executed by a computer.

These instructions, written in a programming language, enable a computer to perform specific tasks or solve specific problems.

Computer programming involves designing, coding, testing, and debugging software applications. It requires a deep understanding of programming concepts, algorithms, data structures, and problem-solving skills.

Computer Programming

Programming can be done in various programming languages, such as C++, Java, Python, C#, JavaScript, and many others.

The process of computer programming typically involves the following steps:

  1. Problem Identification: Identifying the problem or task that needs to be solved by the software application. This involves understanding the requirements and goals of the application and determining what needs to be achieved.

  2. Design: Planning and designing the structure, flow, and functionality of the software application. This includes defining the user interface, data structures, algorithms, and overall system architecture.

  3. Coding: Writing the actual code in a programming language based on the design. This involves using the syntax and rules of the programming language to create the instructions that the computer can understand and execute.

  4. Testing: Testing the software application to identify and fix any errors, bugs, or issues. This involves running various test cases and scenarios to ensure that the software works as expected and meets the requirements.

  5. Debugging: Identifying and fixing any errors or issues that occur during testing or when the software is running. This involves analyzing the code and identifying the root cause of the problem, and then making the necessary changes to resolve it.

  6. Documentation: Documenting the code, design, and other aspects of the software application for reference, maintenance, and future development.

  7. Deployment: Preparing the software application for release and deploying it to the target environment, such as a server or a mobile device, so that users can start using it.

In a very simple form, computer programming is basically writing computer instructions in form of code,  these computer instructions or code is then compiled into an application that runs as a program on the computer.

Computer instructions can be written/coded using many different languages called “Programming Languages”. There are many Programming Languages that can be used to write a program, to name a few:

  • Java
  • C-Sharp or C#
  • Python
  • C
  • C++
  • JavaScript

The above-named Programming Languages can be used differently depending on the task needed to be completed. For example, many Software Developers or Computer Programmers prefer to use C-Sharp or C# as a Server-side Programming Language.

We will explain the three stacks of Software Development in the coming chapters. Every programming language has that one thing that a Computer Programmer likes, for example, we might conclude that the reason why most Software Developers like programming in C#  is because of its rich intelligence or friendly programming environment.

This goes with many languages too, other Software Developers would prefer to use Java because of its Cross-Platform nature. As mentioned before, every Programming Language has its pros and cons.

Computer programming is a constantly evolving field, with new programming languages, frameworks, and tools being developed regularly.

It requires continuous learning and improvement to keep up with the latest trends and technologies. Programmers work in various industries, including software development, web development, mobile app development, game development, and many others, to create a wide range of applications that are used in our daily lives.

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